The Big 5 of Reading

The 5 Big Ideas in Reading are the basis for all reading. They are:

  • Phonemic Awareness:The ability to hear and manipulate sounds in words.

  • Alphabetic Principle: The ability to associate sounds with letters and use these sounds to form words. 

  • Fluency with Text:The effortless, automatic ability to read words in connected text. 

  • Vocabulary:The ability to understand (receptive) and use (expressive) words to acquire and convey meaning. 

  • Comprehension: The complex cognitive process involving the intentional interaction between reader and text to convey meaning.